Greatness of Rama as said by Ravana

Here is a very interesting story that provides yet another glory to Rama’s greatness. The authenticity of this story is not known but it is very helpful in providing a good moral to us about the character and greatness of Rama. Ravana indeed though he was not a good character due to his bad thoughts. There are some references available that explains the greatness of Ravana as well. This particular short story is all about the greatness of Rama as experienced and expressed by Ravana.

Sita is now in the custody of Ravana in Ashokavanam. Ravana was worried on how to attract Sita make her fulfill his desire. Whatever Ravana do, Sita doesn’t even care about it. Ravana is a person capable of doing all maya activities. He was well versed in Ashta Maha sidhis. One such sidhi is the act of changing his form to another form. Ravana tried approaching Sita by taking several forms like Manmadha, Indra, Handsome King, Warrior etc. Unfortunately Sita didn’t even turn up. Ravana was worried and was roaming inside his palace thinking how to attain Sita.

Ravana’s minister approached Ravana and asked him why he seem to look worried. Ravana explained the situation to his minister. Hearing this minister told him that, Sita is always in the thought of Rama so why don’t you take the form of Rama and approach Sita. Ravana replied, “This thought came into my mind long back. I tried taking the form of Rama. But as soon as I take the form of Rama, the thought of attaining other person’s wife goes away from my mind. My mind is fully filled with Righteous thoughts.”

So this is the power of Rama.

Doberman and Indian education system

Doberman is considered to be one of the most obedient dogs in the world. Once there was a sick Doberman. The owner of the Doberman took it to a nearby veterinary hospital. Doctor in the veterinary hospital examined the dog and said that, the dog needs a medicine to be given two times. One this week and another medicine next week. The owner agreed. To pour medicine inside dog’s mouth it involved lots of manly effort. Three person caught the body of the Doberman and two other person from the hospital caught the mouth wide open for the doctor to pour the medicine inside the mouth. With lots of struggle doctor was successful in pouring the medicine inside the mouth.

Next week dog was again taken to the hospital and examined by the doctor. Doctor called his assistants to make arrangement to give medicine to the dog as planned. As usual three person caught the body and two person opened the mouth. When doctor came to pour the medicine inside the mouth, the dog moved a bit. The medicine spilled in the floor. When all the 5 person released their hands from the dog, it automatically licked the medicine from the floor fully. Then only everyone realized that the problem is not with the dog or giving medicine to the dog. But the problem is the way by which medicine is given to the dog.  

Our Indian education system is in the same way. No one here is unwilling to learn things. They refuse to learn because of the way by which the education is forced upon them. Like the dog story, the fundamental problem is with the education system and not with the students who learn it.

Moksham and Naragam

Once there lived a man with his family, whose house was located near the funeral grounds of the Village. Every dead body that goes to the funeral ground will pass through this house and only reach the grounds. The father and his son will always sit in the Veranda of their house and watch every dead body that crosses their house. And every time the body goes, father will ask his son to go and find out whether the person is going to Moksham or Naragam. The son immediately goes along with the crowd and return back home to say whether the body goes to Moksham or Naragam. This was observed by a Sanyasi for a very long time. Sanyasi was confused on how this is possible for a small boy to identify whether people are going to Naragam or Moksham.

Sanyasi

One day a dead body was crossing their house and as per the father’s words son went to find out whether the person went to Naragam or Moksham. But this time Sanyasi lost his patience. He was very curious to find out how a small kid could even identify this. Sanyasi ran to the house and fell in the feet of the small boy. The boy said “Please get up why are you falling in my feet.” The sanyasi replied “All the people are suffering to know whether they are going to Moksham or Naragam. I’m surprised seeing the fact that you are easily able to find out how a person can go to Moksham and how a person can go to Naragam. Can you please explain me how you identify this?” The Boy politely replied ” Oh Sanyasi, Namaste. The truth is very simple, it is based on how we actually take it and understand it. Whenever I go along with the crowd to find out whether the person is going for Moksham or Naragam, people in the crowd will be discussing about the person. If people in the crowd says “We lost a good man”, it means that the person is going to Moksham. But if the people in the crowd says “Thank god, finally this person is dead”, it means that the person is going to Naragam. So the truth is very simple.

Moral: Truth is always very simple. It is totally dependent on how we understand it.

Birth of Kali Yuga

Once in a small village there lived two landlords named Vasudev and Ramdev. Vasudev sold a piece of land to Ramdev for farming purpose. Ramdev was doing farming in the land that he bought. One day suddenly he found something disturbing his plow. He dug the place and found a Golden pot full of treasures. Ramdev went to Vasudev who sold him the land and said “You were the actual owner of this land, so the treasure belongs to you”. Vasudev replied “Oh Ramdev, I sold the land to you so the treasure will also be your’s”. Ramdev was not satisfied with the reply given by Vasudev. Both of them decided to go to the King to get justice for this issue.

Vasudev and Ramdev approached to King of the Village. King was seated in his palace along with his ministers. He asked both of them to explain the problem. Ramdev started saying “Your majesty, today I was doing my farming as usual and I found this pot below the ground. Even though I do the farming in this land today, the farm actually belongs to Vasudev. So, Vasudev will be the right person to take ownership of this treasure”. King looked at Vasudev and asked his views regarding the treasure. Vasudev replied “Oh King, When I sold the land, the trees above this land belongs to Ramdev, the soil above the land belongs to Ramdev, so obviously the treasure pot that Ramdev found below this land will also belong to him. I have no authority to take ownership of this treasure pot”. The King was little confused on how to handle this case. He said that he will give a judgement for this case after one month.

Two farmers

After a month time both Ramdev and Vasudev assembled again in the palace of the King. After a serious discussion with his ministers, the King was was ready to give a judgement to this case along with his ministers. King asked Ramdev to explain the case again. Ramdev said, “King, I would like to take back this case as now I have realized that the treasure will definitely belong to me as I have the ownership on this land and everything that I get in this land will be mine”. King was surprised by the words of Ramdev. He then turned back to Vasudev and asked his views. Vasudev with curiosity replied “Your majesty, the treasure pot was there under the ground even when I sold the land to Ramdev. If I had already known about the treasure pot I would have not sold the land at all. So the treasure pot will definitely belong to me”.

King was again confused. He looked at his minister and asked why there is a drastic change in the mentality of Vasudev and Ramdev. Minister replied “Your honour, Kali Yuga was born just today morning”. After understanding the fact and power of Kali Yuga, King replied “Both of you will not enjoy the treasure. From now on whenever a person finds a treasure under the ground, it should be given to the Government”. After the words of King, the Kali Yuga fully born.

Moral: Kali Yuga will make a person greedy. People will start getting desire on the treasures of other people.

King Vikramadithya Tale – You’re dead when you stop working!

This tale is told from the days of King Vikramadithya.

King Vikramadithya was on his ‘Raja Simhasana’ (the King’s chair, literally) surrounded by his associates hearing and resolving various disputes that arose among his people. There came this man, who in disguise of a humble sadhu, praying for Vikramadithya’s attention. Upon seeing him, Vikramadithya asked for the reason of his coming and the man said, “Hey, the wisest king Vikramadithya, I, a citizen of your empire have a wish. You, being the King is supposed to fulfill the wishes of the Citizens. Our prosperity is your sucess.”

Hearing this, Vikramadithya said, “Sadhu, I agree that it’s my dharma to fulfill my citizen’s wishes. Please tell me, what as a King should I do for you?”

“Deep there inside the forest, there is a Moringa tree and on the tree lives Vedhalam. He is the one who can wipe off my sorrow. But I’m old and I cannot go in search of him. I want you to get him to me.” said the Sadhu.

“Alright” said the King, “I’ll bring him for you wherever he is.”

But the man interrupted, “It’s not that easy as you think, my King! Throughout the journey, you should not speak to him. That is the most important condition here. If you speak, he is of no worth to me. No matter what he says, you should never listen to him neither speak to him.”
“I’ll do that for you”, said the King and started his journey in search of the Vedhalam.

In the woods, despite the darkness, among the wild animals and highly venomous snakes, the King searched desperately for Vedhalam. After lot of hiccups, he finally found him, hanging upside down on a Moringa tree. Remembering the old man’s words, he did not speak anything to Vedhalam, instead picked him up, put him on his shoulder and started walking back to his Kingdom.

Vedhalam tried speaking to the King but in vain. The wise king never replied. Frustrated with this attitude of the King, Vedhalam said,
“Hey King Vikramadithya! I’ve heard a lot about your potential in war-fields and your knowledge. I know you are wiser than anyone in this city. But, I want to make use of this time to know if you are really wiser than me.”

Though provoking, the King did not speak. Vedhalam continued “So, I’m going to tell you a story and ask you a few questions at the end. If you really do not know the answer you can keep your mouth shut. But if you know the answer and do not speak anything, your head will blast into pieces!”

King Vikramadhitya and Vedhaalam

Vikramadithya was shocked. He couldn’t say anything. And Vedhalam started saying stories one after other. King Vikramadithya, being the wisest, knew answers for all the questions and answered them. Unfortunately every time the King answered the questions, Vedhalam went back the the Moringa tree and hung upside down. Vikramadithya had to walk all the way back to the tree, put him on his shoulders and walk back to the kingdom.

This became a routine. Every time Vikramadithya tried, every time he failed.  Every question he answers, Vedhalam goes back. A  lot of work, indeed. Vikramadithya was so fed up with this.

This time, interestingly, Vikramadithya did not know the answer. He tried, but since he couldn’t find the right answer, kept quiet.
Vedhalam acknowledged the fact that the King really did not know the answer. And this time, neither did the Vedhalam get back to the Moringa tree nor the King’s head blasted. The King was relieved. So relived and thought, “Ah, thank god, my work is done. I don’t have to work more. My pains are gone!”

The moment Vikramadithya completed thinking so, Vedhalam said, “Hey Rajyathipathi (Rajya-Kingdom; athipathi-owner/ruler), So you think you work is done? You don’t have to work anymore itself means you are dead!”

The King was surprised. “How is that possible?” he asked. Vedhalam said, “Oh, the wisest ruler Vikramadithya, the old man who asked you to take me to him practices occult. He wants to conquer your kingdom and become the king. As soon as you give me to him, I will become his slave. Then, the first thing he would ask me to do is to Kill you!”

Vikramathiya was bewildered. Vedhalam continued, “These many times, you worked. Worked to fetch me from the Moringa tree and give me to that old man. But finally you though that your work is done. Remember, the moment you said your work is done, your death is determined!” Vikramadithya realized the mistake.

But later, Vedhalam turned out to be Vikramadithya’s slave. And there was twist in the story.

Moral: The moment you say I’m done; it’s enough, it’s all over! Work is not just physical. Anything that involves seeking for something is work. Now, what to seek and what not to seek is a question. Seek for that, which will enhance the ‘You’. That’s of prime importance. As we learn new things our knowledge expands. This expansion is boundless. Expand is every way possible to see truth. Learn more; think more; stay calm.

Satisfaction on what we have

Desire is a very bad disease in human beings. If a person learns to control his desires he will be capable of being a good human being and will get a good satisfaction in life. There is a story that is told in the Upanishads about being satisfied with what we have. There was a sanyasi who lived in a forest. One day a man who had a small family consisting of a wife and a son met the Sanyasi. When the man was communicating with the Sanyasi, by mistake he spat on the Sanyasi. The Sanyasi got angry and cursed the man to become a Pig. The man then realized his mistake and approached the sanyasi asking for a relief from this curse. The Sanyasi replied that he cannot be relieved from the curse, but his curse can be adjusted in such a way that he will become a pig only after 6 months. So he will have 6 months to live as a human being.

With a depression in his mind, the man came back home and told about the curse that he got from the Sanyasi to his son. He explained that his curse will come into execution only after 6 months. He asked his son for a favor. “Look son I’m not willing to live as a pig, as it is very bad to live as pig that too along with other normal human beings in this village. It creates a discomfort in me now to live among the humans in this village. I’ve now decided to go the forest. As a favor, after 6 months please come in search for me and kill me.”  The son nodded his head as a sign of agreeing to his father’s request.

Sanyasi

After saying this the father went to the forests. 6 months later the Son went in search of his father with bow and arrow to kill him. Wherever he finds a group of pig he will call “Father”, the pigs will run away. 2 years went like that. One day suddenly he found a group of Pigs where a male pig was standing with its family. He went there and shouted “Father”. The male pig in the group recognized him and approached him. Son told, “Ah father I have finally found you. Today I’m here to kill you as per your request to me before becoming a pig”. The father replied “Oh son, I understand that you are here to kill me as per my words, but today I have a family here and I’m satisfied with what I have. So please let me go so that I will lead my life as a pig itself”.

This is a story that is told in Upanishad. Attaining Satisfaction is purely based on our thoughts. Discomforts in life are created only because we are not satisfied with what we have. Satisfaction is attained only based on your thoughts and not based on the status of your life.

Moral: Wherever you go, lead a life with satisfaction on what you have. If you do so, you are relieved from all your discomforts.

Migration – Genetic link between Australia and India

During the Vedic period it is no wonder that the places that we see in the world today existed. One such place is Australia. There are evidences and archeological findings to support the factor that people from India migrated to Australia several thousand years ago. Dr Raghavendra Rao, an anthropology expert in his recent DNA research study evidence the link between the Indians and a group of Australian people. Humans to Australia arrived through migration by taking the southern coastal route through India. In the research the prediction of a common ancestor about 50,000 years ago existed who was the link between the Indian population and the Aboriginal Australians.

Could Astralaya possibly be the real name of Australia?

Coming to the fact on how Australia got its name. Matthew Flinders, who was a European explorer, reached the Australian continent. He took the credit in naming the continent as Australia. There is no way that he would have come up with that name randomly. It should have been the case that people in the continent should have used a phonetically similar word to denote their continent. Matthew should have used that name and come up with the name Australia.

According to Sanskrit naming terminologies, Alaya is a word that is used to denote home or place. When Alaya is mixed up with a word it become attribute name which denotes the home/place of that particular attribute. Some of the examples of attribute names are as follows.

Devalaya – Devalaya is a place of God
Vidhyalaya – Vidhyalaya is a place where knowledge is thought
Himalaya – Himalaya is the home of Ice

In the similar manner Australia was called as Asthra + Alaya = Asthralaya which means a place of Asthras. So now what is an asthra? Asthras are powerful weapons used in the ancient world during the wars. The detailed list and types of asthras used in ancient India are available in this link(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astra_(weapon)). In the ancient world this land – Asthralaya was isolated from the other lands, so it was used for preparation of various Astras and was also used as a testing ground of their Astras. Due to the high radiation that was emitted because of this testing, we can find unusual creatures everywhere in this land. Even today the central part of Australia is a desert and there is no proper growth of anything found there.

Considering the above facts, Asthralaya would have been the real name of today’s Australia. It will still remain a theory until we have a strong evidence to provide this fact.

References about places in Australia from Ramayana

There are also references in Ramayana, one of the ancient epics of India with references to usage of various astras during their battle. Also there is a verse from Ramayana that possibly refers to the Gympie Pyramid located close to Brisbane. When Sita was abducted by King Ravana, Rama goes in search of Sita. When he met King Sugriva, he directs his units in all the four directions in search of Sita. The route that the units headed east of India in search of Sita is Java. The actual verse from Valmiki Ramayana that refers to this ‘Yava Dvipam’ (Yava Island) is as follows:

यत्नवन्तो यव द्वीपम् सप्त राज्य उपशोभितम् |
सुवर्ण रूप्यकम् द्वीपम् सुवर्ण आकर मण्डितम् || 4-40-30||

Translation:
“You strive hard in the island of Yava, which will be splendorous with seven kingdoms, like that even in Golden and Silver islands that are enwreathed with gold-mines, in and around Yava islands.

As mentioned in the above verse, after crossing an ocean towards eastern direction of Java and Indonesia is the only land and that is Australia and beyond that if we go further we can reach Polynesian Islands.  Sage Vyasa who is the author of Ramayana in his verses mentions about a gigantic structure which looks similar to ‘Kailasha’. The verses from Ramayana are as follows:

गृहं च वैनतेयस्य नानारत्नविभूषितम्।
तत्र कैलाससङ्काशं विहितं विश्वकर्मणा।।4.40.40।।

Translation:

“There you will see a house of Garuda constructed by Visvakarma. It looks like the Kailasa Mountain and is adorned with different kind of gems.”

Idols of Vedic Gods found in Australia

The structure mentioned in the above verses should possibly be the Gympie Pyramid that exists even today in Queensland that is about 120 Km away from Fraser island. The author Valimki also mentions that if you pass the Gympie Pyramid you can see a shore white in color and has a shape of necklace. In the modern world this reference should be Brisbane, the coast off the shores. The Vishwakarma that the verses mention is an architect who builds gigantic structures and cities all over the world.  There were also many idols and artifacts found in Gympie of the ancient Vedic Gods. Another interesting question that comes to our mind is how Valmiki, the author of Ramayana was able to get into such perfect details without even visiting the place.

The BBC article referred in the reference section has even more interesting details on the introduction of dingo to Australia. Even in the history and today’s world Australia is always isolated without any direct link with the outside world. However it is an interesting factor to see the strong link between Australia and India. References also mention about the existence of gold and iron mines in Australia. Even today we can see lots of Iron mines and iron extraction happening in Australia. This can also be an added factor to the fact that Australia was the land for making and testing asthras by ancient Indians.

References:

http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-21016700
http://www.science20.com/news_articles/australian_aborigines_were_once_indians_study
http://www.veda.harekrsna.cz/connections/Australia-and-Oceania.php

Knowledge of Geometric progression in Vedas

The contribution of India to Mathematics is enormous. There are wonderful Sanskrit scriptures that explain various concepts in Mathematics. For Indians Vedas are the knowledge bases and have various values and virtues for better living. Though the Vedic scriptures are spiritualistic, there are also various descriptions about the knowledge of advance science concepts in Vedas. There is misinterpretation that is prevailing among the people that Vedas has the entire knowledge source that is required for the mankind. This thought is wrong. Though Vedas contain enormous amount of knowledge source, they did not go in depth about the concepts of science and technology. However there are some concepts used in the verses of Vedas that reveals the knowledge on Mathematics, Metallurgy etc. The following verses from Yajur Veda explain the knowledge of Geometric progression. In these verses the powers of 10 is used and the verses are framed in the manner of Geometric progression.
Taithriya Samhita Krishna Yajur Veda
The above verses describe the numbers systematically with the power of ten and also have given a unique name for each and every value. The unique names are given to some extent till some large numbers. This naming of numbers in power of ten is used in Taithriya Samhitha in Krishna Yajur Veda as well as in Thaithariya Upanishad.

What is Geometric Progression?
Geometric progression is a sequence of numbers with a common ratio. The numbers after the first in the sequence will be a number arrived by multiplying the previous number in the sequence. By doing this a common ratio is maintained between the numbers in the sequence.

Example: 2,6,18,54….. In this Geometric progression the common ratio is 3.

 

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

 

The powers of a fixed numbers also forms a Geometric sequence. In the above example from Taithriya Samhita of Yajur Veda, the powers of ten is mentioned in geometric progression. Each value is also given a unique name which is yet another amazing factor.

Unique Name

Value

Powers of Ten

Ekam

1

100

Dasam

100

101

Satham

100

102

Sahasram

1000

103

Ayutham

10,000

104

Niyutham

100,000

105

Prayutham

1000,000

106

Arbudam

10,000,000

107

Niarbudam

100,000,000

108

Samudram

1000,000,000

109

Madhyam

10,000,000,000

1010

Anthyam

100,000,000,000

1011

The description of names for the power of ten is also mentioned in two other Sanskrit texts such as Panchavimsa Brahmana and Samkyana Sutra. Also in the Indian epic Ramayana there is a verse where Suka, the spy appointed by Ravana describes about the army of Rama as follows.

1010 + 1014 + 1020 +1024+ 1030 + 1034 + 1040 + 1044+1052+1057 + 1062 + 5 men

Further the books that are dedicated to Mathematics describe more about the numbers, geometric progression and naming conventions of various number systems. There are also other places where the verses in the Vedas are used in the pattern of Geometric progression. Just because the Geometric progression is applied in the verses casually, it is more evident that the knowledge of advance concepts in mathematics was very common in ancient India.

Knowledge on Arithmetic Progression in Vedas

Arithmetic progressions are some sort of sequence for numbers that are used in business and other calculations. This has been in practice for several years. Though this was named recently as Arithmetic progression, this has been in practice in India from the ancient days. Many great mathematic scholors of India like Aryabhatta, Bhaskaracharya etc have used this concept of Arithmetic progression that they have extracted from the Vedas. Vedas are the ancient source of knowledge for people of India for several thousand years that discuss about various sources of knowledge including Mathematics. It also has references to Geometric Progression where there are many places where the number series is used in this format.

What is Arithmetic Progression?
Arithmetic Progression is a sequence in Mathematics in which the numbers are entered in a manner such that the difference between the consequent number always gives a constant value. The following sequence can be given as an example for the Arithmetic Progression.

5,7,9,11,13,15,17….

In the above sequence the common difference is always 2. This concept of Arithmetic Progress was explained by Aryabhata in 499 AD in his Aryabhatiya (section 2.18). The source of knowledge for Aryabhatta was the Vedas that explains Arithmetic Progression in various instances.

 

Arithmetic Progression

 

Vedic Knowledge on Arithmetic Progression

Rig Veda is the oldest document known to the human race. Veda is a sanskrit work that comes with a meaning “Knowledge”. So basically Vedas are the collection of Knowledge. In ancient India, Vedas were thought to all the human race with the concept of Guru Shishya Parampara. It was merely a oral recitation until 5th century BC. Later after 5th century BC, Rig Veda was documented. There is no other document that is older than vedas with such advanced knowledge collection. The level of science and technological advancements in the Vedas are unimaginable to the human race. Vedas were categorised into 4 such as Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva. Each veda was actually categorised based on some significance and were practiced in Ancient India.

The knowledge of mathematics is vast in the Vedas. There are numerous references to Arithmetic Progression in Vedic verses. Rudhram is one among them. Rudhram is a part that comes in the Krishna Yajur Veda which consists of hymns that praise Lord Shiva. In the following verse of Rudhram Lord Shiva is praised based on the Arithmetic Progression.

एका च मे तिस्रश्च मे पञ्च च मे सप्त च मे
नव च म एकदश च मे त्रयोदश च मे पंचदश च मे
सप्तदश च मे नवदश च म एक विशतिश्च मे
त्रयोविशतिश्च मे पन्चविशतिश्च मे
सप्तविशतिश्च मे नवविशतिश्च म
एकत्रिशच्च मे त्रयस्त्रिशच्च मे
चतस्रश्च मेऽष्टौ च मे द्वादश च मे षोडश च मे
विशतिश्च मे चतुर्विशतिश्च मेऽष्टाविशतिश्च मे
द्वात्रिशच्च मे षट्त्रिशच्च मे चत्वरिशच्च मे
चतुश्चत्वारिशच्च मेऽष्टाचत्वारिशच्च मे
वाजश्च प्रसवश्चापिजश्च क्रतुश्च सुवश्च मूर्धा च
व्यश्नियश्चान्त्यायनश्चान्त्यश्च भौवनश्च
भुवनश्चाधिपतिश्च ॥ ११ ॥

The above verse clearly explains the knowledge of Arithmetic Progression in Vedas. The arithmetic progression in the above verse goes upto 33 starting from 1,3,5,7,9,11….. It is a wonderful factor to amaze that Yajur veda had even more wealth of knowledge on various fields in mathematics. The above verse from Yajur veda explains the knowledge of arithmetic progression and there are also many other references many other things in mathematics like geometric progression, knowledge on Zero, value of pi, pythagoras theorem, etc.  The knowledge source of our great Mathematicians of India are from the Vedas. They just extract or understand the concepts that are explained in the Vedas apply the concepts of Mathematics in their day today life.  Even though the verses in Vedas were not a direct definition or a formula or explanation of these mathematical and other concepts, it clearly shows that these advanced concepts were in practice. This has been a practice in India through oral recitation for many thousand years.